Mountain Gorillas are endangered species found in central parts of Africa. Their wild apes surviving in the viruga mountain parts of Volcanoes in the northwest of Rwanda, virunga Volcanoes of the central part, Mgahinga in the south west part of Uganda, and a separate national ‘Bwindi national park’located in the southwest part of Uganda.
These Mountain Gorillas face a lot of threats in their habitats.
The main threat to mountain Gorillas is habitat loss, the loss comes as a form forest clearance and degradation by humans’ beings.
As the population continues growing around the sectors inhabiting the mountain Gorillas, this happens when the population keeps strangling for a living/survival including the competition for limited natural resources ,such as firewood as a result of deforestation, converting land for agriculture.
The solution to the habitat loss is to develop the economic system that meets the daily needs of people so that they don’t see the Gorillas as competitors but a mean result of improving their daily way of living.
Poaching is another reason threatening the mountain Gorillas.
Poaching remains a real threat to the mountain Gorillas due to the incidence which occurred in the 2002, 2004, 2007 and recently in 2013, a number of Gorillas were killed and infants were captured live for trade, this was discovered when an Infant was abandoned in the field and later on recovered outside of the Virunga national park.
Another case occurred when hunters killed over 50 mountain Gorillas.
Till now poaching continues although poaching Gorillas for food is generally rare. During the 60s and 70s mountain Gorillas were poached for sale to the foreigner countries for trophies and captive ‘zoo’ although mountain Gorillas can never survival in the captivity.
Disease is another threat to the mountain Gorillas, Gorillas genes are relatively related to humans this makes them more vulnerably too many diseases and any human contact is harmful as well as life threatening.
This has been advanced to tourists to always keep a 7meters away from the mountain Gorillas although game rangers, poachers and the local communities also are a threat, some gorillas have been seen with common skin diseases like scabies, respiratory diseases which can spread to the whole members of the family since mountain Gorillas live in groups.
And they end up spreading to other groups during interaction. Other threats include the communities and locals facing civil arrest in the ongoing regions.